High Blood Pressure

Francisco  J. Velazquez, M.D. -  - Internal Medicine

Velazquez Medical Practice

Francisco J. Velazquez, M.D.

Internal Medicine located in Bellaire, TX

High Blood Pressure
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that more than 75 million people in the United States have high blood pressure, and only about half of them have it under control. At Velazquez Medical Practice in Houston, Francisco Velazquez, MD, manages high blood pressure to avoid heart disease or stroke. For a comprehensive blood pressure screening and treatment plan, call or book your appointment online today.

High Blood Pressure Q & A

What is high blood pressure?

As your heart beats, it pumps blood to your arteries. Blood pressure is the force of your blood against your artery walls.

When your heart beats, your blood pressure is highest. That's called systolic pressure. Between beats, your blood pressure lowers. That's your diastolic pressure. These two numbers make up your blood pressure reading.

Because high blood pressure often has no symptoms, it’s imperative to receive testing on a regular basis during your annual wellness exam. Without treatment, high blood pressure increases your risk of stroke and heart disease, two of the leading causes of death for adults in the US.

Am I at risk for high blood pressure?

Common risk factors for high blood pressure include:

  • Alcohol: Drinking more than one drink a day for women and two for men can raise your blood pressure.
  • Diabetes: 60% of people with diabetes have high blood pressure caused by the buildup of sugar in the blood.
  • Lack of exercise: Physical inactivity can lead to high blood pressure caused by weight gain.
  • Obesity: Excess body fat increases your risk of many dangerous conditions, including high cholesterol, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
  • Poor diet: Too much salt and too little potassium in your diet leave you more susceptible to high blood pressure.
  • Prehypertension: People with prehypertension have blood pressure that is higher than average. It increases the future risk of chronic high blood pressure.    

How is high blood pressure treated?

Dr. Velazquez treats patients with high blood pressure primarily with lifestyle changes or medication. Patients with high blood pressure can make simple changes to the way they eat and move to keep blood pressure in a healthy range.

Eating a healthy diet high in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables and low in sugar and sodium is ideal for everyone, including patients with high blood pressure. Getting down to a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and regularly exercising are also great ways to keep blood pressure down.

Some patients use medication to manage high blood pressure. Dr. Velazquez chooses the best medicines based on your overall health picture. It’s important to take blood pressure medication as directed without stopping unless your doctor recommends it.

High blood pressure is sometimes called a “silent killer” because it often has no symptoms. A blood pressure screening is an important part of your annual wellness exam. Schedule yours by calling Velazquez Medical Practice or booking an appointment online today.

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